Wednesday News: 4th branch of NC government


ALEC'S FINGERPRINTS ON HARSH NEW NC IMMIGRATION LAW (Facing South) -- North Carolina joined the ranks of states with harsh immigration policies when Gov. Pat McCrory (R) signed into law HB 318 . Language in North Carolina's sanctuary city ban predates Steinle's death: It comes from a model bill, titled "No Sanctuary Cities for Illegal Immigrants," crafted in 2009 by the American Legislative Exchange Council , a nonprofit that brings together corporate representatives and conservative state policymakers to craft model state legislation that member lawmakers then introduce in their home states.

TINY SNIP IN STATE BUDGET MAKES RECREATION TOUGH FOR TENS OF THOUSANDS (N.C. Health News) -- One guy, Philip Woodward a project manager with the Department of Health and Human Services, has been working to make North Carolina parks accessible to the estimated 1.24 million North Carolinians who report a disability . But Woodward lost his $41,000 a year job on October 31, the casualty of a cut in the final state budget passed by the General Assembly in late September.

PRISON CONTRACT MEETING WITH MCCRORY POINTS TO DONOR LIMITS (AP) — A meeting Gov. Pat McCrory held with a campaign donor who was seeking to extend his company's state contracts highlights the need for a law to further limit giving by state vendors to campaigns, a government watchdog group said Tuesday.

MCCRORY ACCUSED OF 'PAY-TO-PLAY' PRISON CONTRACT (WTVD) -- Prisons can be big business. And for nearly 10 years, a Charlotte-based company has been making big bucks off a contract to provide basic-services in state prisons. Last year, the Department of Public Safety was going to let that contract expire and produced this report explaining why. The analysis shows it to be more cost effective to bring those services back into the state's fold. That's when the company's owner, Graeme Keith, long-time political friend and donor to Governor Pat McCrory, made a phone call and McCrory set up a meeting in Keith's hometown of Charlotte.

TOP DEMOCRAT: GOP LEADERS SHOULD RECUSE THEMSELVES FROM PRISON CONTRACT HEARINGS (Raleigh News & Observer) -- Senate President Pro Tem Phil Berger and House Speaker Tim Moore, the two most powerful members of the General Assembly, should recuse themselves from overseeing an inquiry into controversial private prison maintenance contracts, a leading Democrat said Tuesday.

GOV. DUCKS PRESS AS FBI INQUIRY INTO MCCRORY MEETING CONTINUES (WCNC-TV) -- The FBI inquiry into a meeting North Carolina Governor Pat McCrory had with one of his major campaign contributors is continuing. The contributor, Graem Keith, a wealthy Charlotte businessman, was looking to get a contract that his company had with the state renewed. Following a ribbon cutting at a new Coca-Cola facility off W.T. Harris Boulevard, the governor went out a side door, refusing to stop as NBC Charlotte attempted to question him.

PRISON CONTRACT SCANDAL ENTERS POLITICAL ARENA (WRAL-TV) — In a likely harbinger of 2016's campaign season, state House Democratic leader Rep. Larry Hall Tuesday was highly critical of Gov. Pat McCrory over a prison contract scandal at a news conference and attempted to paint Republican legislative leaders as part of it.

SBI INVESTIGATING SWEEPSTAKES DONATIONS TO NC POLITICIANS (AP) — North Carolina law enforcement officers have started probing whether sweepstakes industry businessmen funneled money to politicians to get them to legalize their business, a State Bureau of Investigation spokesman said Tuesday.

WAKE DA ASKS FOR SWEEPSTAKES CONTRIBUTIONS PROBE (WRAL-TV) -- Wake County District Attorney Lorrin Freeman has asked the State Bureau of Investigation to look into possibly illegal campaign donations to Gov. Pat McCrory and other North Carolina officials.

HOUSE SPEAKER AMENDS CAMPAIGN REPORTS ON CREDIT CARD CHARGES (AP) — North Carolina House Speaker Tim Moore's political committee has amended more than a dozen campaign finance reports since 2010 to provide additional details about tens of thousands of dollars in campaign expenses that Moore paid for using his personal credit card.

AG COOPER: GOP NOT FOR WORKING CLASS (Charlotte Observer) -- Democratic gubernatorial candidate Roy Cooper on Tuesday used Central Piedmont Community College as a backdrop to call for more investment in public education – and to take a swipe at Republican Gov. Pat McCrory and GOP lawmakers.

HONESTY AND INTEGRITY? N.C. GOVERNMENT RANKS MIDDLING (Charlotte Business Journal) -- North Carolina’s state government gets a “D” for honesty and openness, according to grades released this week by the nonprofit Center for Public Integrity. But the low passing grade — 65, according to the center — was good enough to rank easily in the top half of the nation.

REV. BARBER TO RECEIVE $100K PRIZE FOR CREATIVE CITIZENSHIP (AP) — The president of the North Carolina chapter of the NAACP will receive an annual $100,000 prize for creative citizenship. The Nation Institute said Tuesday the Rev. William Barber will receive the annual Puffin/Nation Prize, which honors people who challenge the status quo. The prize is intended to encourage recipients to continue their work and to inspire others.

MCCRORY FAILS IN REQUEST FOR DISASTER AID FOR 8 COUNTIES (AP) -- Gov. Pat McCrory says he will appeal the federal government's decision refusing aid for eight coastal North Carolina counties for damage caused by heavy rains and flooding in late September and early October.

OFFICIAL ELECTION RESULTS MAKE PEELE NARROW MANTEO WINNER (Outer Banks Sentinel) -- There has been one shift in the results—by the narrowest of margins – after Dare County Board of Elections completed its canvas of the Nov. 3 vote. After the initial county David Farrow, who lost his seat on the Manteo Board of Commissioners in 2013, led incumbent Nancy Peele by a mere three votes (94-91). The official canvas narrowed that victory to a single vote – 87-86.

IN THIS TOWN, EVERY VOTE COUNTS _ RACE DECIDED BY JUST 1 (AP) — All those reminders that every vote counts came true in a commissioner race in a small North Carolina town, where a candidate won by just one vote.

NC PORTS CELEBRATE BANNER YEAR (Wilmington Star-News) -- The North Carolina State Ports Authority had a "record" year in terms of profit and traffic, according to an independent state audit.

GREENSBORO POLICE HALT MINOR TRAFFIC STOPS IN RESPONSE TO RACIAL DISPARITY CONCERNS (Greensboro News & Record) -- Another change includes the creation of a three-member Office of Community Engagement tasked with developing "new programs and services to engage the police department with Greensboro's diverse residents."

PUBLIC RENEWS CALL TO STOP GUN VIOLENCE IN DURHAM (TWCN-TV) -- There are renewed calls to stop gun violence in the Bull City. Since Saturday, there have been four shootings, three of which were deadly. In one case, a 14-year-old girl was shot and seriously hurt.

CHARLOTTE-MECKLENBURG POLICE CHIEF WANTS TO BOLSTER FORCE (AP) — The chief of the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Department says he wants to add officers to the force to keep up with population growth and stem an increase in violent crime.

ATTORNEY: FAMILY STRUGGLING WITH FATAL ORANGE COUNTY DWI CASE (Chapel Hill News) -- It’s too early to know whether an Asheboro man will seek a jury trial in a triple-fatal, drunken-driving collision, attorneys said Tuesday at the Orange County Courthouse.

HOLLOWAY SUCCESSOR TO BE YOUNGEST N.C. LAWMAKER (AP) — The communications director for U.S. Rep. Mark Walker will soon be joining the North Carolina General Assembly.

REPUBLICANS SPLIT ON CONSERVATION FUND (The Hill) -- Some Republicans have begun to cast doubt on House Natural Resources Committee Chairman Rob Bishop's (R-Utah) plan to overhaul a federal conservation fund. Sen. Richard Burr (R-N.C.), who has authored a bill to permanently reauthorize the Land and Water Conservation Fund, said Tuesday he doesn't support Bishop's bill to overhaul the LWCF.

CASWELL CENTER WORKERS SEEK RAISES, OVERTIME PAY, BETTER WORKING CONDITIONS (Kinston Free Press) -- Understaffed and underpaid is a sentiment spread wide across state government, and Tuesday workers from Caswell Developmental Center gathered outside Kinston City Hall on to say something about it. The event, organized by their union — United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers Local 150 — meant to call attention to, as the signs said, “safety, rights and raises.”

N.C.'S FIRST DEPARTMENT OF MILITARY AND VETERANS AFFAIRS (WTVD) --The state's first Department of Military and Veterans Affairs is now open for business.

SECRETARY TALKS ABOUT N.C. DEPT. OF MILITARY AND VETERANS AFFAIRS (Raleigh News & Observer) -- Maj. Gen. Cornell Wilson, secretary of military and veterans affairs, explains the advantages of having a new cabinet-level agency devoted to military and veterans' issues.

MCCRORY OPENS NEW DEPARTMENT OF MILITARY AND VETERANS AFFAIRS (Raleigh News & OB server) -- A historic building on North Salisbury Street in downtown Raleigh now houses a new cabinet-level state agency devoted to military and veterans issues.

SUPPORTERS DISCUSS FUTURE OF RURAL HOSPITAL IN BELHAVEN (AP) — Representatives of the North Carolina chapter of the NAACP and others will discuss the next steps in the fight to reopen Pungo Hospital in Belhaven.

BELHAVEN PLANS TO BUY BACK HOSPITAL THROUGH EMINENT DOMAIN (WUNC-FM) -- Belhaven Mayor Adam O'Neal says the eastern North Carolina town plans to use eminent domain to buy the local hospital Vidant Health closed last year. Mayor Adam O'Neal says the new $5.5 million dollar clinic Vidant is building in the town isn't enough.

GRANITE QUARRY RESIDENTS CAN NOW USE TOWN IN MAILING ADDRESS (AP) — All residents of Granite Quarry can now use the town in their mailing addresses.

N.C. MAN CONVICTED IN KANSAS JEWISH SITE KILLINGS IS SENTENCED TO DEATH (AP) -- A judge followed a jury's recommendation and sentenced an avowed anti-Semite to death Tuesday for the fatal shootings of three people at Kansas Jewish sites.

WHITE HOUSE SUPPORTS TILLIS' VETERANS BILLS (Fayetteville Observer) -- The White House has thrown its support behind two bipartisan veterans bills introduced by Republican Sen. Thom Tillis.

FORMER CONGRESSMAN TIM VALENTINE DIES (Raleigh News & Observer) -- Tim Valentine, a former congressman representing the Second Congressional District, died Tuesday at age 89.

EX-LAWMAKER TIM VALENTINE DIES AT AGE 89 (Rocky Mount Telegram) -- Former U.S. Rep. Tim Valentine, who died Tuesday at the age of 89, is being remembered fondly and with respect by the people who knew and worked with him.

GOP DEBATERS DON’T ALWAYS GET IT RIGHT, AGAIN (McClatchy Newspapers) -- A winnowed Republican presidential field of eight candidates clashed Tuesday in Milwaukee, trading political barbs, as well as misstatements, misrepresentations and falsehoods. Among them:

TRANSCRIPT: GOP PRESIDENTIAL DEBATE (New York Times) -- Transcript of the main Republican debate, as transcribed by the Federal News Service.

OFFICIALS: DISBARRED LAWYER INDICTED ON EMBEZZLEMENT CHARGES (AP) -- A disbarred Lincoln County lawyer has been indicted on 11 counts of embezzlement.

DARE COMMISSIONER WARREN JUDGE TO SEEK TINE’S HOUSE SEAT (Outer Banks Sentinel) -- Warren Judge, 64, a Kitty Hawk resident and longtime member of the Dare Board of Commissioners, announced he will run for Paul Tine’s seat in the North Carolina House of Representatives.

AG’S OFFICE SANCTIONED FOR DELAY IN CASE OF 1ST-GRADER KILLED BY LOG TRUCK(Jones & Blount) -- N.C. Court of Appeals sanctioned Attorney General Roy Cooper’s office for using delaying tactics in the case of a seven-year-old Sampson County girl struck and killed as she exited her school bus.

BOARD OKS FUNDS FOR MID-CURRITUCK BRIDGE (Coastal Review) -- The N.C. Board of Transportation has approved $5.7 million to buy land for the long-planned, $410 million Mid-Currituck Bridge on N.C. 12 in Currituck County.

FUNERAL HELD FOR FORMER NC CONGRESSMAN HOWARD COBLE (WRAL-TV) -- Current and former elected officials joined family and friends Tuesday in remembering North Carolina Congressman Howard Coble at his funeral.

HOWARD COBLE IS LAID TO REST BY THOSE FROM 'EVERY WALK OF LIFE' (Greensboro News & Record) -- Dozens of politicians, including those he mentored, were among the 1,000 or so people who turned out Tuesday to say goodbye to the former congressman.


FT. BRAGG SOLDIERS, CIVILIANS REAFFIRM COMMITMENT TO SERVICE (Fayetteville Observer) -- Hundreds of soldiers, and civilians -- many of whom also are veterans, gathered on Fort Bragg Tuesday to raise their right hands and swear an oath to their country.

SPLIT-SECOND DECISION TO TACKLE MAN. TURNED OUT TO BE SUICIDE BOMBER (Washington Post) -- The attack killed four and forced Army Capt. Florent Groberg, who once dreamed of competing in the Olympics, to have 33 surgeries on one leg. He will receive the Medal of Honor on Thursday.

WHAT VETERANS THINKS MATTERS MOST TO CHARLOTTE’S VETS TODAY (Charlotte Agenda) -- While dramatic gestures of gratitude for military vets (like the ceremony at last weekend's Panthers game) are graciously received, they don't get to the root of the biggest challenge facing veterans in civilian life: finding a job. Ttwo Charlotte veterans are driving vet-focused hiring and training programs at their organizations.

SUPPORTING OLDER VETERANS AND THEIR CAREGIVERS (Duke U. News) -- Cristina Hendrix and an inter-professional team developed the Transitional Care (TLC) Partners program at the Durham VA Medical Center in North Carolina. Staffed by nurse practitioners, social workers, occupational therapists and a physician, the program works with older veterans and their caregivers to reduce the rates of readmissions, emergency department visits or admittance into a nursing home.

HELPING VETERANS SUCCEED AT UNC (UNC News) -- As the Student Veterans Assistance Coordinator in the Office of the Dean of Students, 10-year Navy veteran Amber Mathwig is dedicated to helping the growing student-veteran population succeed at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and get their second lives off to a strong start.


FOR 'WORKING POOR,' A CONSTANT BATTLE TO MAKE ENDS MEET (Outer Banks Sentinel) -- PART 2 OF A SERIES: About one-in-ten (11.1%) of Dare County residents lived below the federally established poverty line in 2013, the last year for which data are available. But that doesn’t tell the whole story.

FOR THOSE WITH DISABILITIES IN NEED OF WORK: THERE’S AN APP FOR THAT (N.C. Health News) -- Last week’s assistive technology conference in Raleigh showcased tech solutions to help people with disabilities function better at home and work.

WEYERHAEUSER EXPLORING SALE, SPINOFF OF NEW BERN MILL, OTHERS (New Bern Sun Journal) -- Weyerhaeuser leaders are considering the possible sale or spinoff of the company’s cellulose fibers business, which includes the sprawling New Bern pulp mill along the Neuse River. In addition to the New Bern plant, which employs 300 people, Weyerhaeuser’s cellulose fibers business includes four other pulp mills, two modified fiber mills, one liquid packaging board facility, and one publishing papers joint-venture facility.

SANDERSON FARMS STARTS THREE-DAY JOB FAIR IN LUMBERTON (Fayetteville Observer) -- Kristy Hunt said she's eager to embark on a better career for herself and her two children.

BUTTERBALL HOLDS GRAND OPENING AT RAEFORD PROCESSING PLANT (AP) — Butterball is holding a grand opening at its newest processing facility in Raeford, where it has created more than 220 jobs since opening in May.

COCA-COLA BOTTLING CONSOLIDATED OPENS NEW CALL CENTER (Charlotte Observer) -- Charlotte-based Coca-Cola Bottling Consolidated’s new call center in northeast Charlotte will bring more jobs to the region and add to the company’s long history in Charlotte, Gov. Pat McCrory said at a kickoff for the facility on Tuesday.

SHIPWRECK FOUND ALONG OUTER BANKS COULD BE 1600S BRITISH VESSEL (Norfolk Virginian-Pilot) -- The oldest shipwreck ever found along the North Carolina coast could be a 28-gun British naval vessel. While there is no way to prove it, evidence indicates the wreck discovered seven years ago in the Corolla surf could be the HMS John, which foundered off the coast in 1652.

PANTHERS FAN TO REPLACE DAMAGED PACKERS BANNER (Fayetteville Observer) -- Mike Dobs of the Carolina Panthers banner-snatching incident will get a new Green Bay Packers banner at 10 a.m. today from The UPS Store

N.C. PRO-SPORTS TEAM FIRES BACK AT 'PAID PATRIOTISM' REPORT (Triangle Business Journal) -- The Carolina Hurricanes, having been named in the “Tackling Paid Patriotism” report as receiving $75,000 in a three-year period from the Department of Defense for marketing or sponsorships, are going on the offensive.

LEAK IN WAKE CLASSROOM LEADS TO TEACHER RESIGNATION AND MOLD FEARS (Raleigh News & Observer) -- A teacher has resigned and students protested Monday, both over the safety of Middle Creek High School’s Room 3320, where the ceiling has been leaking since late September.

State education official visits local schools (Rocky Mount Telegram) -- N.C. State Board of Education Vice Chairman A.L. “Buddy” Collins toured four schools in the Nash-Rocky Mount school system Tuesday at the request of school board Chairwoman Evelyn Bulluck. “Evelyn kept bragging about her school district and invited me to come and see it months ago,” Collins said.

MISSOURI PROFESSOR WHO CONFRONTED PHOTOGRAPHER QUITS JOURNALISM POST (New York Times) -- Melissa Click was seen on video calling for “some muscle” to remove a journalist from a public demonstration.

JOURNALISTS AS THE ENEMY (Inside Higher Ed) -- U of Missouri activists clash with student photographer, raising questions about protestors and free expression. And role of professor in blocking the student sets off large debate -- and she apologizes.

CMS BOARD REJECTS CHARTER SCHOOL PLEA, TAKES BACK VILLA HEIGHTS SCHOOL (Charlotte Observer) -- After almost three hours of debate and public commentary, the Charlotte-Mecklenburg school board voted 7-2 Tuesday to take back a building it had leased to Veritas charter school just three months before.

CMS BOARD REJECTS CHARTER SCHOOL PLEA, TAKES BACK VILLA HEIGHTS SCHOOL (Charlotte Observer) -- After almost three hours of debate and public commentary, the Charlotte-Mecklenburg school board voted 7-2 Tuesday to take back a building it had leased to Veritas charter school just three months before.

NORTH CAROLINA’S LOW PERFORMING SCHOOL BOOM (EdNC) -- The number of low-performing schools in North Carolina is on the rise, but not necessarily for the reasons you might think.


ONE DISMISSED, ONE FILED (Charlotte Business Journal) -- The same day one shareholder suit against Duke Energy over the Charlotte-based company's coal-ash issues was dismissed in Greenville, N.C., a new one was filed Wilmington, Del.


STRATA SOLAR BUILDS ALABAMA POWER'S 1ST UTILITY-SCALE SOLAR (PRNewswire) -- Strata Solar will soon begin installation of the first utility-scale solar projects for Alabama Power at the Anniston Army Depot and Fort Rucker Army Base.

WALNUT COVE OKS 3-YEAR FRACKING BAN (Winston-Salem Journal) -- — No fracking will be permitted here for three years under a moratorium given final approval Tuesday by the Walnut Cove commissioners. Fracking opponents who packed the meeting room applauded the vote.

ALL ELECTRIC BUSES, EASIER TRAVEL BY BIKE, FOOT ON HORIZON FOR GREENSBORO AREA (Greensboro News & Record) -- The Greensboro Transit Authority could buy four buses that run only on electric current, with no on-board use of air polluting fossil fuels.

JIM ROGERS: BUSINESS MUST LEAD THE WAY IN SPURRING CLIMATE AMBITION (The Climate Group) -- The role of business is to be “front and central” in tackling climate change, says Jim Rogers, former Chief Executive Officer of Duke Energy Progress, in The Climate Group’s latest Climate TV interview. There are still financial and policy barriers for companies to overcome before they can develop their own low carbon potential and invest in clean energy. “The good news is the prices of solar and wind are declining,” confirms Jim Rogers. “And so that cost is not as great today as it once was – and it will be even lower in the future.”

WHY DID DUKE ENERGY CHANGE COURSE ON POWER LINE? (Asheville Citizen-Times) -- What made Duke Energy, number 116 this year on the Fortune 500 list of the biggest companies in the United States, change its mind on running a large transmission line from its generating plant in Skyland to Campobello, S.C.? Duke officials said last week they became convinced by public opposition that changing their plans to retool the Skyland plant and thus end the need for the power line was better for all concerned. Most likely, requirements in state law that Duke clean up coal ash at the plant played a role too.

CFO SAYS DUKE ENERGY KEEPING ‘FINGER ON THE PULSE’ FOR FUTURE NATURAL GAS DEALS (Charlotte Business Journal) -- Duke Energy CFO Steve Young expects more industry consolidation and combining electric and natural gas will be part of it.

GREEN ENERGY PARK HASN'T MET EARLY EXPECTATIONS (Sylva Herald) -- Touted as methane-fueled, in fact, electricity and other conventional sources — not landfill gas — provide much of Green Energy Park energy needs. And county leaders’ early assurances to taxpayers and grant agencies that they were “committed to the ultimate goal of financially independent business practices” have gone by the wayside. Last month, Chairman Brian McMahan said: “There’s no way (GEP) will ever break even.” He said he believes the educational benefits of GEP outweigh the costs.

INVESTIGATION FOR INVESTORS OVER ACQUISITION OF PIEDMONT NATURAL GAS (WallStreet Scope) -- An investigation on behalf of investors, who currently hold Piedmont Natural Gas shares, was announced concerning whether the takeover of Piedmont Natural Gas Company, Inc. by Duke Energy for $60 per share is unfair.

REPUBLICANS SPLIT ON CONSERVATION FUND (The Hill) -- Some Republicans have begun to cast doubt on House Natural Resources Committee Chairman Rob Bishop's (R-Utah) plan to overhaul a federal conservation fund. Sen. Richard Burr (R-N.C.), who has authored a bill to permanently reauthorize the Land and Water Conservation Fund, said Tuesday he doesn't support Bishop's bill to overhaul the LWCF.

MASSIVE EXPANSION OF WNC WILDERNESS POSSIBLE (Carolina Public Press) -- Forest Service issues inventories of potential wilderness areas and scenic rivers with recommendations to follow public comment. Reaction is mixed.


HOW IS N.C.’S ECONOMY DOING, REALLY? (Weekly Independent column) -- A report says we have one of the best business climates in the country. Should we believe it?

WAKE DA TAKES A NEEDED SECOND LOOK AT SWEEPSTAKES CASE (Raleigh News & Observer) -- Wake County District Attorney Lorrin Freeman has taken a bold step toward ensuring that possible corruption in state government will be fully investigated.

GOING AFTER THE MEDIA, N.C. STYLE (Charlotte Observer) -- Is Gov. Pat McCrory launching a new offensive on media? There are recent clues

THOM TILLIS: RECOMMIT TO VETERANS' HEALTH CARE (Fayetteville Observer column) -- On Veterans Day, Americans come together to honor and thank the brave men and women who have risked their lives to protect our nation's values.

TROUBLING KIND OF GIVE-AND-TAKE (Southern Pines Pilot) -- There sure was some wide-eyed optimism spouting from Pat McCrory when he ran for governor in 2012. He promised an end to politics as usual — a revolving-door relationship between elected officials and the lobbyists who earn their keep by getting fat contracts or concessions for those whom they serve. McCrory pledged to end such lucrative pathways and hailed his Republican administration for its new way of doing things. When just this very sort of pay-to-play relationship fell at the feet of the governor himself recently, what was his counterpunch? For a governor who prides himself on being a leader and man of integrity, did he own up to his failings? Hardly. Instead, he tried to shoot the messenger.

HANGING WITH THE RIGHT CROWD PAYS DIVIDENDS (Raleigh News & Observer column) -- J.K. Sherron, who died last week, was part of the ‘Wolfpack Mafia’



If you hit "share" on Facebook

the post shows up as a 2007 error message. I'm not sure why I find this funny, but hey. Sometimes you just have to laugh.


Do you mean if you follow the link from Facebook? The share feature worked for me...or it looked like it was going to work. I didn't finalize the "share" in the event there was an error... maybe it was a temporary glitch. I'll go ahead and follow through and see...

Vote Democratic! The ass you save may be your own.

It worked!

Facebook is terribly temperamental and throws errors too often.

Vote Democratic! The ass you save may be your own.