Yes, people still get TB. In fact, we currently have about 20 cases of active TB in Durham. MMWR this week is all about TB. It's got a lot of words, but if you scroll down, there are tables and graphs.
Something I learned in pharmacy school was that the rate of TB in the US had decreased pretty well... until about the mid-80s, when the Reagan administration slashed funding for state/county health departments to administer TB treatment by directly-observed therapy (which is the most effective method, as TB treatment per current guidelines involves 4 drugs for 2 months, followed by at least 2 drugs for 4 more months - at a minimum. If your sputum doesn't clear on 4 drugs, or you're immune suppressed (eg HIV+), you get at least 9 months of therapy.)
The MMWR data shows that the majority of active TB in the US is in recent immigrants. When you hear people say things like "why treat TB with extensive therapy in places like Africa? It's too expensive?" they're wrong on so many levels. First because they're placing a very low value on other people's lives. Second because ineffective treatment leads to antibiotic resistance - MDR-TB has spawned XDR - TB. Put 1 and 2 together, and you get immigrants with MDR- or XDR-TB, who spread it to their contacts in the US.
Actually, it's sad that it takes pointing out that it could affect us here to get people to care.
TB anywhere is TB everywhere is written by an epidemiologist (whose blog I discovered by blogroll surfing.) It's a good read.